On August 3, the front page of the People’s Daily published Urban and rural areas in Zhejiang joining hands for common prosperity by vigorously promoting new urbanization and rural revitalization, focusing on how Zhejiang speeds up urban-rural integration to bring people substantive senses of fulfillment, happiness, and security.
The front of the houses with red tiles and white walls is lined with trees, with people coming and going; on either side of the flat and clean roads, orchards and sea of flowers complement each other. Although she has bought an apartment in the urban area, Wu Lina, a native of Wandi Village, Yinzhou District, Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province, still basically lives in the village. “I’m always homesick, it is also convenient for traveling business, and life is very convenient.”
The countryside is livable and suitable for business, and the farmers are rich and affluent. Walking in Zhejiang, you can not easily detect the boundary between urban and rural areas.
From the implementation of the “Demonstration and Rectification of Thousands of Villages” project, to the initiative of formulating and implementing the urban-rural integration outline, and from the establishment of the urban-rural integration development institutions and mechanisms, and policy systems, to the comprehensive promotion of rural revitalization, Zhejiang adheres to taking the “Double Eight Development Strategy” as the guideline to coordinate the economic and social development of urban and rural areas and accelerate the integration of urban and rural areas, bringing people a real sense of fulfillment, happiness, and security.
Zhejiang is embarking on a new journey of high-quality development and construction of common prosperity demonstration zones, by aiming at the strategic positioning of leading zones for the coordinated development of urban and rural areas, by deepening the new-type urbanization centering on people, by implementing high-quality rural revitalization strategies, by building a new urban-rural pattern, and by accelerating downsizing the gap between urban and rural development.
Exploring “agriculture +” to develop modern rural industries and thus promote common prosperity
“Have you ever seen guava? Our botanical garden can open your eyes”, said Wu Lina when recommending the village’s botanical garden to visitors.
In the greenhouse of the botanical garden, plants of different postures thrive under the care of intelligent temperature control and drip irrigation system; outside the greenhouse, there are a variety of experience projects, such as outdoor expansion, fruit picking, and flower arrangement.
Wandi Village receives about 500,000 tourists every year, and has developed into an “urban back garden” integrating leisure sightseeing, popular science education, rural experience and other functions. “Our rural areas need not only prosperous industries and prosperous life, but also a beautiful and green environment”, said Cai Guocheng, secretary of the village Party committee. This year, Wandi Village will organically update hotels, kindergartens, and the environment of the village. “It is expected that the per capita income of the whole village will be up to 70,000 yuan.”
In Hengdian Town, Dongyang City, the life of the villagers has been enriched by the film and television, and tourism industries. Backed by the two scenic spots of Qin Palace and Dream Valley of Hengdian Film and Television City, 78 of the 87 households in Shishuiji Natural Village have started a home-stay business. Villager Jin Tianren switched from woodworking to a home-stay operator, increasing his income increased by two or three times.
The high income of residents and the small gap between urban and rural areas are one of the highlights in Zhejiang’s development. In 2020, the per capita disposable income of urban and rural residents in the province was 62,700 yuan and 31,900 yuan respectively, continuing to maintain the leading position in the country; the income ratio of urban and rural residents was 1.96, lower than the national average.
“To promote common prosperity, industrial prosperity is a prerequisite”, said Wang Tonglin, director of the Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Zhejiang Province, “we are positively exploring such approaches as “agriculture + leisure health maintenance” and “rural areas + cultural innovation featuring homesickness” to vigorously promote the drive of common prosperity through industries. By 2025, the per capita income of farmers will increase to 44,000 yuan, and the income ratio of urban and rural residents will be reduced to less than 1.9.”
Promote high-quality sharing of public services with the help of “Internet +”
“Director Pan, the elderly patient’s blood pressure is high, but he has stopped taking medicine 3 months ago because of leg swelling. He has been a little dizzy recently. How can I treat him comprehensively?” On July 13, visiting doctor Zhang Liqiang initiated a remote questioning at the Smart Health House in Yaozhuang Town, Jiashan County.
“Anti-hypertensive drugs should be restored, liver function and electrolytes should be checked. If the symptoms do not improve in half a month, please make an appointment for him to come to our hospital for further examination”, Pan Jun, a doctor from Jiashan County First People’s Hospital, patiently answered on the computer screen.
Each smart health house allows farmers to see a doctor and have their illness treated at their doorstep.
“208 county-level hospitals and 1,063 township health centers in Zhejiang have been integrated into 161 medical communities, and can achieve ‘one-click referral’ and ‘re-examination on the cloud’”. According to the relevant person in charge from the Zhejiang Provincial Health Commission, in the next step, aspects of weakness in the infrastructure of township health centers will be improved and a village-level health service project will be implemented.
With the help of “Internet+”, Zhejiang allows farmers to share more high-quality public services.
How many ways are there to fold a piece of paper into a parallelogram?
Through the computer screen, students from Wenzhou Experimental Middle School and Luoyang No. 2 Middle School in Taishun County had a lively discussion. Guo Yuhan, a student of Luoyang Second Middle School, has gained a lot from this kind of experimental classes for mathematics advanced thinking expansion.
Through the “Internet + Compulsory Education”, Lucheng District, Wenzhou City, and Taishun County have formed a paired assistance system with full coverage of townships, full coverage of all grades, and full penetration of assistance. So far, there are 21 twin schools in the two places. “Since the cooperation, the quality of teaching in our county has been significantly improved”, said Zhuo Kelong, head of the basic education section of the Taishun County Education Bureau.
“To create urban and rural education communities in a new era, high-quality educational resources in the urban areas fly into the classrooms in mountainous areas, and the high-quality and balanced development of urban and rural education continues to blossom and bear fruit”, said the relevant person in charge from the Provincial Department of Education of Zhejiang Province.
Deepening the action for promoting science and technology and capital to enter the countryside, and young people and elites from villages to return to the countryside, to stimulate the vitality of rural development
Air rafting, motorized airships, water slides… Stepping into Shourong Village, Tianzihu Township, Anji County, Huzhou City, you can hear the laughter of people in the amusement park, who are playing joyously here.
This scenario made Wu Qingyun, the person in charge of the amusement park project, very pleased. Optimistic about the development prospects of their hometown, many people chose to return to their hometown to start a business.
Sun Aiyi returned home and invested 4 million yuan to build the “Wuyou Inn”. The room order has been scheduled until the end of August; After returning, Ding Menghua, who has been in the tourism industry for many years, is in charge of ticketing work for the scenic spots, balancing work and life.
“Nowadays, when walking in the village, you can see more and more young people. Our development has taken off, and more villagers will return to their hometowns in the future”, Yin Bizhen, secretary of the Tianzihu Township Party Committee, is full of confidence.
Funds invested in the villages and the projects implemented has injected gurgling water into the prosperity of the villagers of Tianzihu Township. Zhili Township, Wuxing District, Huzhou City has successfully written a new chapter of wealthy people leading other people to make fortune.
At the Plateau Agricultural Products Sightseeing Agricultural Park in Zhili Town, 27-year-old farmer Shen Zuanzhuan is introducing the popular science knowledge of morels to the visiting children in the summer camp.
Taking advantage of the “Industries Promoting Common Prosperity Action” initiated by the Provincial Department of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of Zhejiang Province, Shen Zuanzhuan, who majored in agriculture and forestry management at the university, returned to his hometown to start a business to develop plateau agricultural products planting.
The economic value of Ganoderma lucidum and Morel mushrooms is high, but how to plant them on plains has become the primary concern facing Shen Zuanzhuan. “The government successfully introduced the a team from Zhejiang University for technical cooperation”, said Shen with pride.
When the technical team is in place, the problem is solved. At present, the annual income of the industrial park has reached 11 million yuan, which has stimulated more than 900 neighboring villagers to find jobs and increase their income steadily.
Tianzihu Township and Zhili Township are the epitome of the comprehensive promotion of rural revitalization in Zhejiang.
Zhejiang continues to promote the introduction of science and technology, and funds into the countryside, young people and elites from villages to return to the countryside, in order to stimulate the vitality of rural development. Up to now, a total of 7,221 agricultural innovators have been cultivated, 450 high-level agricultural industry technical teams have been established, and 59 modern agricultural industrial parks, and 113 industrial townships have been created. More than 100,000 college students have been employed in rural areas in the province.